Lifestyle News

How to Obstruct or Ignore Hulu Commercials in 2023 [4 Methods]

Are you sick of being interrupted by irrelevant advertisements while watching your favourite web series or movies on Hulu? This is very frustrating because no one enjoys having their videos interrupted while they are watching them. On the other hand, because of this, YouTube also offers a premium feature that confers an additional advantage on its users.

On the other hand, we are aware that the Hulu application is currently receiving a great deal of attention and is currently one of the most well-liked video streaming services available on the market today. This is completely understandable given that the application in question enables users to watch and stream content online.

Despite this, the Hulu platform was initially released with the intention of concentrating on original content and streaming well-known live television shows rather than primarily concentrating on traditional classic films.

Anyway, I believe you are now aware of what will be discussed in this guide here on this page. You are absolutely right! In this section of the guide, we will go over the various strategies that can be utilised to remove advertisements from Hulu. Now, without further ado, let’s get into the meat of the matter.

The following are the top five methods for avoiding or blocking advertisements on Hulu in 2023:
You can skip commercials on Hulu using any one of a number of different methods. There are some that are free, while others will charge you a fee to remove the advertisements. However, in this section, we will share with you the most effective strategies that are cherished by people all over the world.

Using an Ad-Blocker is the first method.
It is possible that installing an ad blocker would be beneficial to you. However, this method can only be used by people who access Hulu through their browser. Therefore, if you are utilising a browser, navigate to the Google Chrome Web Store and perform a search for an advertisement blocker.

You are going to get a huge number of search results. However, we strongly suggest that you make use of Adblock Plus. It will turn off annoying advertisements as well as tracking to make your browsing experience more private. Plus d’adbloqueur

In addition to this, it is one of the very few free ad blockers available and, surprisingly, it is compatible with the vast majority of web browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Opera, Edge, and Yandex. However, if you are aware of any other ad blocker that provides you with improved options, you should use that one instead.

Method 2: Get Hulu Premium
Get Hulu Premium
This is the most straightforward and uncomplicated method available for removing annoying advertisements that appear while you are watching your content. Yeah! As I have already mentioned earlier, some of the methods are free, whereas others require payment in order to use them.

Therefore, the cost of the premium version of Hulu will be $70.99 per month. Because this is such a large quantity, we can only recommend it to those who use it on a daily basis.

Open Hulu Video in Two Different Tabs (Method 3)
Do you believe that this strategy will still be effective in the year 2021? The obvious response to that question is “Yes,” as the method in question was successful for a surprising number of users. Therefore, you ought to give it a shot at least once. The following is a list of the steps that you are required to take:

First things first, fire up Hulu and begin watching any show you like.
After that, you should then launch one more tab, select the same programme, and begin watching it.
The content can then be muted and advanced through quickly in the second tab before the advertisement begins to play.
Now, go to the very first tab, and begin watching the video there.
When your video is about to play the first advertisement, you should navigate to the second tab on your browser and start watching the video from there.
Please take note that the advertisements will no longer appear as the corresponding video has already been played in the second tab.

Therefore, if you want to get rid of those annoying advertisements, you can use this method over and over again. This approach is wonderful for a number of reasons, not the least of which is the fact that it is effective in any circumstance.

Method 4: Use Web Filtering
Have you heard anything about filtering content on the web? We are all aware that Hulu holds domains responsible for the advertisements that appear on their platform.

Because of this, when you use web filtering, advertisements from that domain will be blocked automatically. As a direct consequence of this, you won’t have to contend with any advertisements while using Hulu. The following is a list of the steps that you are required to take:

To begin, launch your web browser on your personal computer and connect it to your home Wi-Fi network.
After that, using the search box, type in whatever the default IP address is for your router, and then press the enter key.
You should now select the Web Filtering option from the available options. It’s possible that the name will change depending on the router you use.
Now, in order to block it, you need to use the domain.
Use Web Filtering
At this point, you should hit the apply button and then restart your router.
Therefore, this is how you can avoid or block Hulu advertisements. We really hope that this guide can be of some assistance to you. So, which of these approaches did you enjoy using the most? Tell us what you think by using the comment box.

Lifestyle News

How Can I Send a Text Message With a Starbucks Gift Card?

Please instruct us in this advice on how to give a gift card for Starbucks by text message. Gift cards from Starbucks are cards that have already been paid for. At any Starbucks shop, you may buy goods, as well as food and drinks to go with them.

Both online and at any of their official stores, customers can get their hands on a Starbucks gift card. Coffee connoisseurs might appreciate receiving one of these gift cards. It is a really easy and convenient way to buy a cup of coffee or a snack for someone else. Gift cards for Starbucks can be purchased in a variety of monetary amounts. Also, you have the ability to reload them whenever necessary with additional cash.

The contents demonstrate
You can use your iPhone to send a text message containing a Starbucks gift card.
You may send a Starbucks gift card to anyone, regardless of whether they have an iPhone or an Android smartphone, and the recipient will still get it. If they are using an iPhone, the gift card for that device will be sent to them over iMessage.

If the receiver is using an Android smartphone, rather than seeing a graphical depiction of the gift card, they will receive a link to the card itself. A Starbucks gift card can only be transferred directly between customers of the same store. Because of this, it is not possible to give a gift card to a message group.

The procedure to follow in order to send a gift card for Starbucks is as follows.

Get the App Store up and running on your iPhone.
You should download the Starbucks app onto your iPhone.
Begin by opening the Messages app.
You can either start a new chat with the contact you want to talk to, or you can retrieve an existing conversation thread from a prior interaction.
Tap the Apps icon that is conveniently located close to the text box to open the App drawer.
Send text messages containing Starbucks gift cards to recipients.
If you scroll down far enough, you’ll find a symbol for Starbucks gifts. Tap on it.
There will be a number of Starbucks gift cards distributed. You can select anybody you want by tapping on them.
Determine how much money will be on that gift card. It may be a gift card worth $5, $10, or $25 depending on the amount.
Tap on Purchase.
Next, in order to validate the transaction, you will need to submit either your Touch ID or Face ID, and if necessary, you can even enter the passcode on your iPhone.
You also have the option of adding a comment to your purchase, which serves only to provide further context.
Customers who pay with credit cards will see the phrase “Starbucks card Egift” appear next to the transaction on their statements when they buy a Starbucks gift card.


1. What Is the Proper Way for the Recipient to Make Use of the Starbucks Gift Card?
The recipient will be able to see the Starbucks gift card in the text message window on their phone. Also, the recipient is required to have a Starbucks account as well as download the Starbucks app into their mobile device.

On the gift card, there will be a choice that reads “Tap to Use the Gift Card.”
If you select the option located directly above it, the Starbucks app will open.
After that, the recipient has the option of printing the gift card or adding it to their Starbucks app, which will allow them to spend it at any Starbucks location.
Simply by presenting the gift card to the barista at any Starbucks location, the recipient will be able to get the value of their purchase redeemed. If not, customers have the option of adding it to the Starbucks app and paying with their mobile device instead.
2. How to Get the Most Out of Your Starbucks Gift Cards
You should have no trouble finding a variety of gift cards that are relevant to the occasion or any other event that is taking place at that moment. Hence, choose a gift card that is appropriate. This will make the gift card more significant and special for the person who will be receiving it.

3. Is an Email Delivery Option Available for Starbucks Gift Cards?
Here are the procedures to follow in order to send an email containing a Starbucks gift card. While using the official Starbucks app, you will need to link your credit card to your Starbucks account.

Start up the Starbucks mobile app.
Go until the very bottom of the application.
To purchase a Gift Card, first select the Gift option from the drop-down menu.
Click the Add Item button.
Enter the email address of the person you are sending the message to, as well as your own information.
Next, you will be prompted to input the value that you wish to load onto the gift card.
Tap on Make Payment. That sums it up nicely.
gift cards for Starbucks can be sent.

4. In the Starbucks app, is it possible to share a gift card with a friend?
This is not only feasible but also takes only a few short seconds to accomplish. You, the sender, as well as the recipient, need to have an account in order to use the Starbucks app.

Start up the Starbucks mobile app.
Choose the tab labelled Gift.
Choose the most appropriate design for the gift card based on the occasion.
You can choose how much money will be on the gift card; the minimum is $5 and the maximum is $50.
In order to make the gift card more memorable, you should also write a personalised note on it.
Use the Make Payment button to complete your purchase.
Wrapping Up
That wraps up everything there is to know about sending a Starbucks gift card through text message from your iPhone. It is a wonderful idea to treat your loved ones to a cup of coffee from the most prestigious coffee brand in the world as a gift on a special occasion. I really hope the guide was helpful to you.

Lifestyle News

After a disastrous satellite launch, the company owned by billionaire Richard Branson, Virgin Orbit, has filed for bankruptcy.

TOPLINE As an eleventh-hour scramble to seek extra finance failed, Richard Branson’s Virgin Orbit filed for bankruptcy in the United States on Tuesday, the satellite business disclosed, marking the end of a precipitous fall that followed a botched high-profile launch attempt out of Britain in January.
According to the materials presented, Virgin Orbit has submitted an application for protection under Chapter 11 with the Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware.

Virgin Orbit announced that it had been unable to acquire sufficient money to stay in business, and the decision comes less than a week after the company terminated operations and laid off the majority of its personnel.
The company has stated that it is dedicated to a “swift” sale and will receive an infusion of $31.6 million from Branson’s Virgin Investments in order to keep it afloat throughout the process of selling itself.

On of the 30th of September, the bankruptcy petition listed assets in the amount of approximately $243 million and debts in the amount of approximately $153 million.

The chief executive officer of the company, Dan Hart (no connection), stated that “we ultimately must do what is best for the business,” despite the attempts made to seek additional money and improve the company’s financial status.

In his speech, Hart praised Orbit’s employees and celebrated the company’s 33 successful satellite launches. He also expressed his confidence that Orbit’s “cutting-edge launch technology” will be attractive to customers.
The first attempt made by Virgin Orbit to place satellites into orbit from the United Kingdom was unsuccessful in January. The unsuccessful venture was a major setback for the fledgling British space programme and signalled the beginning of the end for Virgin Orbit, which had a market capitalization of $3.2 billion when it went public less than two years earlier. In the weeks and months that followed the aborted launch, Virgin Orbit’s stock experienced a precipitous decline. Meanwhile, the firm was in the midst of emergency negotiations to secure finance when it suspended, and then ultimately ceased, operations, and laid off the majority of its workforce.

$3 billion. According to our real time wealth tracker, this is how much Forbes estimates Richard Branson’s current net worth to be. The majority of Branson’s wealth comes from the portfolio of “Virgin” branded companies that he established, which includes Virgin Atlantic, Virgin Media, and Virgin Galactic, amongst others. He is one of the wealthiest persons in Britain and has made a billion dollars for himself on his own. Branson is one of a group of billionaires rushing into space to capture a piece of the rising market, along with Elon Musk, who is the chief executive officer of Tesla and Twitter, and Jeff Bezos, who is the founder of Amazon.

Lifestyle News

After his comeback triumph, Anthony Joshua was urged to steer clear of a bout with Tyson Fury.

After Anthony Joshua’s comeback victory over Jermaine Franklin in London over the weekend, he issued a challenge to his long-time adversary Tyson Fury for a potential showdown after the final bell. However, Anthony Joshua has been instructed by David Haye to avoid a ring meeting with Tyson Fury and instead rematch Dillian Whyte.

Joshua’s heavyweight comeback fight was held at the O2 stadium in London on Saturday night. The battle was against Jermaine Franklin, and they fought to a points victory. Joshua was looking to rebuild momentum after the fight. Many people anticipated that AJ would knock the American out of the ring, but the challenger was tough and resilient, which allowed him to make it to the end of the fight.
After the bout, Joshua’s boisterous home crowd wanted him to issue a challenge to Fury, and he complied, stating that he was willing to enter into discussions for a rematch with Fury in which the WBC title would be on the line. Despite this, former world champion Haye thinks that a rematch with Whyte would be the best next step considering his performance on his own soil.
“The next time I want to see him, I want to see him in with Dillian. That is not the kind of performance to have the next time you fight Tyson Fury “After Joshua’s latest victory, Haye evaluated his alternatives and shared his thoughts with iFL TV. “If he went out there and finished him off in the first couple of rounds, then that would be acceptable. But in my perspective, he needs a performance that is significantly better than that in order to compete against Tyson.

It didn’t appear as though he was trying to knock out his opponent in any of the rounds. He was content with his dominating performance in each round. I wished for him to put a significant amount of pressure on this young man and corner him against the ropes. I’d like to see him go up against Dillian because we all know that their fight is going to be exciting. That is a high-profile bout that will get everyone’s blood pumping, and the victor of that fight will then get the opportunity to fight Fury. But, Fury is considering a bout with Usyk anyway – or is he?”

After Joshua’s defeat to Usyk earlier in 2018, a rematch with Tyson Fury was scheduled to take place at the end of the year. However, negotiations broke down after the challenger missed the deadline set by the “Gypsy King” to sign the contract. It is common knowledge that the former Olympic athlete will enter the battle as the underdog due to his string of recent defeats; yet, he will enter with new hope under the tutelage of trainer Derrick James.
It is likely that Joshua will want to avoid a rematch with Fury in favour of rebuilding his career and pursuing other fights before a potential showdown with Fury. One of these fights might be with IBF mandatory challenger Filip Hrgovic. In spite of the fact that many people believe he should wait before pursuing Fury, the 33-year-old boxer challenged his adversary to shut up and get in touch with him about settling the scores between them.

He advised me to put all of that s*** away. Let’s go out of here if we’re going to f***ing fight. Just shut the f*** up and accept the fact that I am feeling this way because I have to conserve my strength for the upcoming battle. I’ll be real, I’ll be real. I hold the gentleman in esteem. He has accomplished a great deal. It’s just that I don’t think it’s necessary for me to vocally trash talk someone else in order to feel better about myself. In a battle of wits with Tyson Fury, you are going to come out on the losing end.”

Lifestyle News

Amir Khan’s victory compared to Kell Brook’s disqualification due to his drug ban

Since Amir Khan was given a two-year doping penalty by the UK Anti-Doping Agency, the outcome of his bout against Kell Brook would no longer be considered official.

After adopting Khan’s position that the presence of ostarine in his system was not purposeful, UKAD said in a statement that the length of Khan’s suspension will be reduced from four to two years.
The United Kingdom Anti-Doping Agency (UKAD) issued the following statement regarding the panel’s findings: “The panel found both violations proved, judged that Mr. Khan had established that they were not ‘intentional’ within the sense of ADR Article 10.2.3, and imposed a two-year ban on him.”

Amir Khan vs Kell Brook result
“The referees also ruled that Mr. Khan’s result from his fight against Mr. Brook should not stand.
It is presumed that Mr. Khan’s two-year suspension began on April 6, 2022, which was the date when his provisional suspension was handed down. It will become invalid on April 5th, 2024.”

Khan was knocked out regardless of what was in his body, therefore it is impossible to say what this means for Brook. The Sheffield guy knocked out Khan. Injustice would be done to Brook, a former world champion, if his victory were to be taken away from him.

After a career that saw him become a superstar in his native Pakistan and win a silver medal at the Olympics in 2004, the legacy of Khan has been tainted.
In the end, the fighter from Bolton would compete against the likes of Marcos Maidana and Zab Judah to unify the super lightweight class. Khan was also presented with the World Boxing News Fighter of the Year Award in 2010, an honour which he did not take possession of until a few years later.

For the past ten years, he has seen his career decline. Despite this, Khan continued to compete in the sport through 2016, taking on Canelo Alvarez and Terence Crawford before retiring after his bout with Brook in 2022.

This drug test result should make Khan’s followers feel sick to their stomachs. This is the case despite the fact that the youthful prodigy they referred to as “King” asserts that he did nothing wrong.
According to a statement issued by UKAD, Khan is prohibited from competing in a variety of sports in addition to boxing.
Amir Khan gets disqualified from all athletic competition for a period of two years. Khan is a professional boxer and an Olympic medalist. The Anti-Doping Rule Violation (ADRV) that was committed for the presence and use of a Banned Drug has led to this consequence.

Regarding the component that was found, ostarine, they supplied the following information: “Ostarine is a selective androgen receptor modulator” (SARM).

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has included the drug on its list of substances that will be banned in 2022. Because it is an anabolic agent, its use is strictly forbidden in competitive sports.

The sanction meted out to Khan is just another black eye for the sport of boxing in the United Kingdom. The sickener comes after Conor Benn was investigated for failing two tests in 2022, the same year as his compatriot, which led to the investigation.

In recent years, the sport of boxing on the British Isles has become increasingly polluted by drug scandals. Meanwhile, the rest of boxing has seen fewer positive outcomes than the UK combined.


The Asus ROG Ally Handheld PC has been made official, and here is an early look at the device that competes with the Steam Deck.

The ASUS ROG Ally handheld PC was initially conceived as a prank for April Fool’s Day and has only recently been made official as of today. Reportedly including a Zen4 central processing unit (CPU), RDNA 3 graphics, and a semi-custom 4nm AMD Ryzen accelerated processing unit (APU), the gadget in question is the one that offers the highest level of performance to date. Support for the ASUS ROG XG Mobile eGPU, which will improve its performance to levels comparable to those of high-end laptops, is the feature that truly differentiates it from Valve’s Steam Deck.
Additional features include a dual cooling fan system that operates at a whisper quiet 20 dB and a 7-inch display that has a resolution of 1920 by 1080 and a 16:9 aspect ratio. The display also has a refresh rate of 120 Hz. There is no other information that has been disclosed; however, it does appear to be a pre-order exclusive at Best Buy, at least for the time being. Regarding the cost, it is rumoured to be “competitive,” which may imply anywhere from $399 (for the Steam Deck) to $799 for the full version (GPD Win 4). There is currently no information available regarding when the pre-order will really go live, nor is there a specific release date.

Lifestyle News

The first crewed mission to the moon in half a century is called Artemis II, and NASA has now announced its crew of four astronauts.

NASA has revealed the four astronauts who will be participating in the crewed Artemis II mission to the Moon, which will be the first such mission in half a century. NASA astronauts Reid Wiseman, Victor Glover, and Christina Hammock Koch, along with Canadian Space Agency astronaut Jeremy Hansen, are going to take part in a flight test of the Artemis II spacecraft that will last for ten days and will be launched on the powerful Space Launch System rocket in November 2024. The purpose of the test is to validate the capabilities as well as the techniques that are required for humans to live and work in deep space.
The Block 1 version of the Space Launch System will be used to launch the Orion MPCV Spacecraft, which will take the four astronauts into orbit around the moon for a flyby. One of their goals will be to achieve a free return trajectory from the Moon, and they will also aim to perform several departure burns. Orion will be launched into a high Earth orbit after a period of approximately 42 hours. During this time, the crew will perform various checkouts of the spacecraft’s life support systems as well as a proximity operations demonstration using the spent Interim Cryogenic Propulsion Stage (ICPS) as a target. Additionally, the crew will conduct a demonstration of proximity operations.
These individuals, the crew of the Artemis II, will be the first humans to fly to the vicinity of the Moon for the first time in over 50 years, making them the pioneers of this endeavour. All four astronauts will represent the finest of humanity as they explore for the benefit of all people while they are on the moon. The team includes the first woman, the first person of colour, and the first Canadian to go on a lunar mission. According to Director Vanessa Wyche of NASA Johnson, “This mission opens the stage for the expansion of human deep space exploration and presents new prospects for scientific discoveries, commercial, industry, and academic partnerships, and the Artemis Generation.”

Lifestyle News

Hugh Jackman has disclosed a new skin cancer fear after getting two biopsies, and he is urging others to protect themselves from the sun.

Hugh Jackman has disclosed that, following a recent checkup, he has been undergoing testing to determine whether or not he has skin cancer. The actor, who is best known for his role as Wolverine, has spoken publicly in the past about his battle with skin cancer. In 2013, he had his first skin cancer removed.

The actor, who is 54 years old and starred in “The Greatest Showman,” gave his fans an update on his health by posting a photo to Instagram in which he wore a plaster across his nose.

In the video shared on social media, he disclosed that his physician had observed “small things” on his skin that she believed warranted obtaining a biopsiy to investigate further.


The Australian actor said the following in the caption of his post: “You’ve heard me talk about my basal cell carcinomas in the past. If further discussion is required, I will continue to bring them up. Even if only one person remembers to apply sunscreen with a high SPF, I will consider it a success.

After that, in the brief video, Jackman stated that he wanted his fans to hear it from him in case “someone sees me on the street” sporting a bandage. He said that he wanted his followers to hear it from him in case “someone sees me on the street.”
He revealed, “I’ve just recently had two biopsies performed, and I just went to my doctor, Dr. Iron, who is fantastic, and she just saw some minor things.” In her opinion, a basal cell either may be there or it could not be present; she is unsure. I won’t know for sure for another couple of days, but as soon as I do, I’ll be sure to let you know. As a friendly reminder, basal cells are the least serious type of skin cancer there is. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer. Nonetheless, if I may just use this occasion to bring it to your attention, summer will soon be here.

“For those of us who are located in the Northern Hemisphere, please remember to apply sunscreen; the potential risks are not worth it.” Trust me, believe me, trust me, regardless of how badly you desire a tan.”
Basal cell carcinoma does not normally spread. It most frequently takes the form of a tiny, bright pink or pearly-white lump that has the appearance of being translucent or waxy. Moreover, it may appear as a scaly red area on the skin.

Once he updated his followers on his health, several of his devotees expressed their gratitude to him for drawing attention to the illness.

One person said in the comment section underneath his video, “Praying it’s nothing. We are grateful that you are using your platform to assist others.

“I am grateful to you for this! Stage 3 melanoma survivor here. Before it happened to me, I had no idea how potentially life-threatening it could be. while someone else made a comment.

The actor best known for his role in Wolverine has spoken publicly about his battle with skin cancer in the past. He had his first skin cancer removed in 2013, and he has had at least six treatments since then.

The film was released by Jackman after it was reported the previous year that the number of people diagnosed with skin cancer in England had reached a record high, with around one in five people developing the disease at some point in their lives.

According to numbers that were analysed by NHS Digital and the British Association of Dermatologists, there were 224,000 cases of skin cancer diagnosed in England in 2019, and more than 1.4 million cases were diagnosed between the years 2013 and 2019.

According to the data, the number of reported cases increased by 26 percent, going from 177,677 in 2013 to 224,092 in 2019.

The majority of experts believe that the increase can be attributed to an ageing population as well as advances in how tumours are reported.


A producer claims that Paul O’Grady’s followers have been “robbed” of his new show in advance of an Easter Sunday tribute.

After the tragic passing of Lily Savage star Paul O’Grady last week, the producer of Paul O’Grady, Malcolm Prince, will pay tribute to his friend on Boom Radio on Easter Sunday.
On Easter Sunday, Paul, 67, was meant to host the show, but because he won’t be able to make it, his good friend Malcolm will step in and host the show with a unique introduction.

He says this in advance of a repeat of the pair’s show that they did on Boom Radio on Christmas Day: “The unexpected passing of Paul on March 28 was a shock to all of us. We should all count ourselves lucky, since Paul O’Grady will never actually leave us, despite the fact that we all feel like we’ve been robbed, including his family, friends, and admirers.

“There is a song by Billy Ocean called “Stop Me If You’ve Heard It All Before,” and it is supposed to be playing right now. It was supposed to be the first song played on Paul O’Grady’s (Team POG) Easter Day show, but unfortunately, that will not be the case.”

The programme, which was initially shown over the course of two hours on Christmas Day of the previous year, will be presented in its entirety, including all of the holiday-themed components.
In spite of the fact that Paul is not a major admirer of Christmas, Malcom will say that their performance on Christmas Day was particularly memorable for both of them.

He says: “Paul was aware that it was a special honour to spend Christmas Day with you and your family. Oh, and that depiction of me as his long-suffering producer? Don’t believe a word of it. It’s completely false. I cherished every second spent with you.”

After spending the previous 14 years at Radio 2, where he also worked with Malcolm, Paul made his debut on Boom Radio for a one-off Christmas special last year.
David Lloyd, who is the programme director for Boom Radio, had this to say about the planned rebroadcast: “It might seem strange to hear Chris Rea’s “Driving Home For Christmas” as the opening song on a day in April, but this won’t be the first time Paul has played Christmas tunes in April!

He posted the following on his Twitter account on Wednesday: “Last afternoon I went to Paul’s house for a nice old catch-up. He was happy, laughing, and smiling when he was surrounded by his cherished dogs. He was quite active.

“He was so proud of ‘Annie,’ so delighted to be back on Boom Radio, and he was looking forward to so many new projects,” said the radio host. I still can’t believe that he’s gone after all this time.

“We have lost a rare talent – and I’ve lost a close friend. We may count ourselves quite fortunate to have had Paul in our lives.